Professor Edward McBean, University of Guelph, Canada
Professor McBean, Ph.D., P.Eng., P.E., FCAE, D.WRE., FEIC, FCSCE, FIAH, is a Professor of Water Resources Engineering, a University Research Chair in Water Security, and a former Canada Research Chair, Water Security, at the University of Guelph, Canada. Ed received his BASc from UBC, and his SM and Ph.D. from MIT, all in Civil Engineering. Ed is a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering and Diplomate, American Academy of Water Resources Engineering and American Society of Civil Engineers. He has published three books and more than 370 papers in the refereed journals, and recipient of a number of awards including Canada Research Chair in Water Security, K.Y. Lo Award for significant contributions at international level, the Tom Duc Thang award, and the Julian C. Smith Award.
Title: Targeting Key Coefficients to Identify Strategies for Managing Emerging Contaminants
The term ‘emerging contaminants’ refers to chemicals and pathogens that have been detected in drinking water at trace levels and for which the risk to human health is still unknown and/or not yet understood. Hence, the issue with emerging contaminants exists because there have been many situations where widespread acceptance of a chemical has occurred for its intended function, but that same chemical ends up causing unforeseen and unacceptable impacts to humans and the environment. Unfortunately, there are many such examples (DDT, PCBs, thalidomide, etc.).
The result is extremely challenging to assemble information as to the potential danger which may arise from some emerging contaminants. Instead, we must identify other strategies, and that will be the approach taken in this paper. More precisely, there will be two paths developed:
||Assess the approaches being utilized to assess source types of some emerging contaminants, including those of source characterization. Although this approach is proving difficult (e.g. for pharmaceuticals) the basis for some successes and some challenges will be described; and
||A second approach is based on use of key coefficients (e.g. octanol/water partition coefficient, adsorption coefficient, rate of biodegradation, etc.).
The merit of the second methodology, in particular, is to facilitate systematic thinking to provide insights regarding the fate and transport exposure pathway assessments of individual emerging contaminants, including the degree of attenuation and the potential for transformation to another media which may occur, based on the fundamental characteristics as mechanisms to provide useful insights as to the potential impacts to humans and the environment. A number of case studies will be described.
Professor Jun XIA, Wuhan University, China
Professor Xia from School of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering, Wuhan University, China, was elected as Fellow of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 2015. Professor Xia pioneers in proposing the theory of hydrological nonlinear system identification which contributes to solving the problem of nonlinear response relationship of rainfall runoff. He was the first to discover the rule of time variant runoff which revealed the hydrological nonlinear mechanism. All those systematic research results have been successfully applied in the Huai River, the Yellow River and the Yangtze River valleys as well as in Tarim River and many other inland river basins in China. His research findings have reduced the probability of water pollution by 75% in the branches of Huai River, which has been highly spoken of. He has made great breakthroughs in research of nonlinearity, spatial and temporal variation and uncertainty of runoff simulation and regulation in a changing environment, promoting the fundamental research of hydrological research.
Professor Xia’s systematic research results are also well appreciated by the international academia. In 2011, he was awarded the “Outstanding Contribution Award of International Water Resource Management” by the Third World Centre for Water Management (TWCWM). In 2014, he won the highest award in the field of international hydrological science, namely the “International Hydrology Prize-Volker Medal” by International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). Professor Xia is the first Chinese to win this award. He was elected as the Vice President of IAHS and the President of IWRA, and has played a pivotal role in international water organizations of global impact including the World Water Council (WWC) and think tank on water resources.
As a leader of National Program on Key Basic Research Project of China (973 Project), Prof. Xia and his team have undertaken a number of national-level and ministerial-level scientific and research projects in the field of hydrology and water resources. He has published more than 400 academic journal articles, among which 134 are indexed by SCI and 157 in EI.
Professor Jianyun ZHANG, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, China
Professor Zhang is the Director of the Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, and the President of Research Center for Climate Change of Ministry of Water Resources. He was elected as Fellow of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) in 2009, and Foreign Fellow of Royal Academy of Engineering (RAE) in 2014.
Professor Zhang received his Bachelor’s degree from East China Technical University of Water Resources (now Hohai University) in 1982, Master’s degrees from Hohai University and National University of Ireland in 1987 and 1992 respectively, and PhD from National University of Ireland in 1996. Professor Zhang’s research interests include hydrology and water resources, flood control and drought relief management, climate change, and water conservancy informatization. He has significantly contributed to the development of the State Flood Control and Drought Relief Command System. He has published 6 books and more than 300 academic papers.
More to come.